La vicepresidenta ejecutiva en el Centro Nacional de Análisis Político de EEUU, Jacki Pick, asegura en una columna publicada en Forbes que la técnica de la fractura hidráulica es muy importante en los objetivos energéticos de su país, en relación al plan anunciado por el presidente Barak Obama. Recuerda a los grupos ecologistas que “el mayor triunfo ambiental en EEUU” es que “ya es líder mundial en la reducción de emisiones de carbono, con una caída de 26% desde el shaleboom en 2007″. Esto se debe “a la utilización de gas natural, ahora producido en volúmenes históricos a través del fracking”.
Columna de opinión publicada en Forbes:
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As environmental groups gather to strategize maximum mileage from the president’s “Clean Power Plan,” they would do well to remember what they might regard as the greatest environmental triumph of this century: The U.S. already leads the world in carbon emissions reduction, with emissions down 26% since the shale boom hits its stride in 2007. Why? Because of the use of natural gas, a fossil fuel, now produced in historic volumes made possible through fracking, or hydraulic fracturing.
Over the same 27 year time-frame, figures from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis show the U.S. economy nearly doubled, growing about 50% when gross domestic product is adjusted for inflation.
With the shale boom, lower emissions and economic growth need not be at odds
Our economic growth was largely the result of cheap fossil fuels. They feed our electric grid, enable the digital revolution, run our transportation sector, manufacture American durable goods and electronics, and produce petrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. Fracking was key to our growth in fossil fuels production; the Independent Petroleum Association of America notes that more than 1.2 million wells have been fracked in the U.S. Because of historic production through fracking, the U.S. was the top natural gas and petroleum producer on earth in 2014, and our energy costs have fallen. U.S. industrial electricity costs are now 30-50% lower than those of our foreign competitors, resulting in a manufacturing renaissance and the “reshoring” of perhaps millions of American jobs, according to a new report by the Boston Consulting Group. By 2018, enhanced fossil fuel production through fracking will enable the U.S. to manufacture goods cheaper than in China.
Americans, using American ingenuity with advances in fracking and horizontal drilling, harnessed the free market to accomplish what the president, the EPA and the environmental groups have failed to achieve: America’s status as the top carbon emissions reducer in the world, simultaneous with a doubling of the economy. We should not be surprised; the U.S. oil and gas industry invests more in carbon emissions reduction tech than the U.S. government and all other industries combined, according to the American Petroleum Institute.
Carbon emissions reduction through fracking is significantly more impressive than the results promised in the President’s new job-killing “Clean Power Plan,”—and his promises often do not match his outcomes. Politicians must be evaluated by what they do, not what they say they will do.